Climatic Conditions in Malaysia by Month
The temperatures in Malaysia differ based on location within each of the country’s different regions. based on the city you dwell. In general, temperatures tend to be high and the atmosphere is typically hot and humid temperature. The climatic conditions in Malaysia can be more specifically divided into four distinct seasons based on the months of the year.
From March to May, climatic conditions are calmest across Malaysia; however, the northeastern and southwestern monsoons begin at the end of May. During this period, people are advised to carry their umbrella to avoid any problems caused by the monsoon weather. The highest temperatures in the country can be experienced between June and August. These months see the southwestern monsoon become prevalent. During these months, there is much precipitation and humidity. Applying sunscreen and carrying an umbrella will often be necessary. Rainfall frequency and amounts increase from September to November. The western portion of Malaysia experiences more rainfall in September, while the eastern portion does so in October. The month of November is the coldest and rainiest one. The months of December, January, and February see the country experience rainfall through the northeast monsoon. Tourists who are looking forward to spending a vacation in Malaysia during these months should understand that rain is usually experienced during the afternoon and evenings.
The Climate of Malaysia and its Neighboring Countries
Malaysia shares land borders with Thailand and Indonesia as well as sea borders with Singapore and the Philippines. These countries have similar climates to that of Malaysia; tropical with southwestern and northeastern monsoons.
However, each of these countries’ respective climates have one or more unique features which set them apart. Singapore possesses an inter-monsoon season with afternoon and evening thunderstorms. Although much of Indonesia is tropical, hot, and humid, its highland areas have a moderate climate. Most of Thailand is subject to the effects of the northeastern monsoon, with the exception of the Kra Isthmus region which is perpetually hot and humid. The Philippines has a tropical marine climate with northeastern and southwestern monsoons affecting the country throughout the year.
Effects of Elevation on Malaysia’s Climate
The mountain ranges, forests, and island areas affect Malaysia’s climate. The country is mostly flat but does have areas of significant elevation in the country’s mountain regions. The winds in mountainous areas follow the northeast-southwest or north-south routes.
The lowland areas of Malaysia, defined as areas below an altitude of 760 meters, also affect the country’s climate. These areas contain the majority of Malaysia’s forest areas; these forests are tropical rainforests. However, the forests in the eastern portion of Malaysia have been affected by logging and felling of trees that have affected the waterways and agriculture. This logging has also given rise to soil erosion in the area.
Effects of Climate Change in Malaysia
Due to changes in climatic conditions in Malaysia, some have experienced food shortages, more frequent floods, rising sea levels, and drastic effects on the temperature. The extreme change in the occurrence of rainfall can be seen in the Sungai Selangor Dam which supplies 60% of water to the Kuala Lumpur region but has become much drier in recent times.
The worsening flood situation and rising temperatures in recent years may bring about a drastic shift in the population of the country in the coming years. Farm yields are currently witnessing a drop of nearly 15% because of the unpredictable weather conditions. According to a report, the Malaysian government has started working on its global warming strategies after signing the Paris Agreement. It has been doing so for nearly two years. The government has also taken steps to increase the general level of awareness among the citizens about global warming and other changes to local and global climatic conditions.
Malaysia experiences a somewhat mixed climate with high humidity and temperatures across most of the country. Those who move to Malaysia are generally able to adapt to the climate with time. People who plan to visit Malaysia for tourist purposes can seek the help of travel or tour agencies that can help them receive the proper information about Malaysia’s climate.