Protection of Copyrights in Malaysia
Copyrights provide the creator of literary, musical, or artistic work with the exclusive rights to such a work. The laws surrounding such works helps in protecting the owner from unauthorized adaptations or reproduction of the works involved.
Copyright laws also protect any related organisation by safeguarding its revenue-earning assets which are derived from any work which could be copyrighted.
To establish ownership of any copyrightable work in Malaysia, the creator of the work should prepare the appropriate documentation to prove ownership.
Copyright owners may either claim their ownership through a statutory declaration or by filing a voluntary notification with the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia (MyIPO). This process allows anyone to protect unauthorized use of their content on any platform.
Items Permitted to be Copyrighted in Malaysia
Copyright laws in Malaysia specify the creative items which may be protected through a copyright issued in the country.
Among the items which may be copyrighted in Malaysia are:
Before any of these creative works may be copyrighted, sufficient evidence must be provided which confirms that such works are original pieces.
Rights of Copyright Owners in Malaysia
The government of Malaysia has provided certain rights to copyright owners. These include legal, moral, and economic rights.
1. Legal rights
This allows the owner, author, creator, or designers of any copyrighted work in Malaysia to protect their work according to the copyright laws of Malaysia. If there is any copyright infringement, the creator or author is allowed to take action against those at fault.
2. Moral rights
Moral rights allow the author to claim the rights to originality of the creation. These rights also involve the right to prevent any user from mutilating, distorting, or modifying the author’s work in an unauthorized manner.
3. Economic rights
These rights are granted to the owner of the work so that the owner will receive the right of communication to the public, right of reproduction, right to perform, right to distribution, and right of commercial rental. These rights may be exercised according to the Copyright Act 1987. Economic rights also allow creators to receive financial benefits through the use of their works for commercial purposes.
Duration of Copyright Protection in Malaysia
The duration of the period for which a copyright is valid differs depending on the laws of the country in which the copyright is granted.
For Malaysia, the duration of copyright protection is as follows:
|Literature, music, or any other form of artwork
||50 years following the death of the creator(s) of the copyrighted work.
Should any work which is copyrighted in Malaysia be designed, curated, or written jointly, the copyright will be in effect until the death of all authors or creators. The artwork will be protected until 50 years after the death of all authors or creators.